AR 3-22.9 PDF

Alternate Qualification Courses FM CHAPTER 7. M a -k s m ai IS ;h if) (;c n 3 sar ic)S (car A FM CO O Z Ui o to HI or. TC is focused on rifle and carbine employment. Every marksman and prepared civilian needs to be familiar with its contents. Let’s dig. Training Circular (TC) provides Soldiers with the critical information for their rifle or carbine and how it How to Build an AR A Beginner’s Guide.

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Training Overview Training Strategy Training Phases Section II. Marksmanship Training Strategy Mission-Essential Tasks Training Assessment Basic Program Implementation Training the Trainer Duties of the Instructor- Trainer Trainer Certification Program Qualification Training Unit Live-Fire Exercises Rail Adapter System Backup Iron Sight M68, Close-Combat Optic Cycles of Functioning Modes of Fire Peer Coaching Section II.

Marksmanship Fundamentals 1 The Four Fundamentals Firing Positions Marksmanship Fundamentals II Grouping Procedures Zeroing Procedures Effects of Wind and Gravity Target Detection Locating Targets Marking Targets Range Determination Section II.

Conduct of Field-Fire Range Record Qualification Practice Record Fire Standards Record Fire Alternate Qualification Courses FM Alternate Prone Firing Position Kneeling Supported Firing Position Kneeling Unsupported Firing Position Standing Firing Position Modified Supported Firing Position Urban Operations Firing Positions Rapid Semiautomatic Fire Automatic or Burst Fire Suppressive Fire Unassisted Night Fire Training Unassisted Night Fire Target Detection Training with Artificial Illumination Moving Target Fundamentals Single-Lead Rule for Moving Targets Moving Target Live-Fire Exercise Conduct of Short-Range Marksmanship Training Fundamentals of Short-Range Marksmanship Preliminary Marksmanship Instruction Phase I, Reflexive Fire Training Mission of the Squad Designated Marksman Squad Designated Marksman Program Training Strategies and Qualification Standards Back-Up Iron Sight It is a guide for commanders, leaders, and instructors to develop training programs, plans, and lessons that meet the objectives or intent of the United States Army rifle marksmanship program and FM Training the Force.

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This manual is organized to lead the trainer through the material needed to conduct training during initial entry training IET and unit sustainment training. Preliminary subjects include discussion on the weapons’ capabilities, mechanical training, and the fundamentals and principles of rifle marksmanship. Live-fire applications are scheduled after the soldier has demonstrated preliminary skills. The proponent of this publication is the U. Send comments and recommendations for improving this manual to doctrine benning.

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Unless otherwise stated, whenever the masculine gender is used, both men and women are included. This chapter provides a proven rifle marksmanship training strategy as guidance in establishing and conducting an effective training program. The strategy consists of the progressive individual training periods taught during initial entry training IET.

It progresses into advanced skills and concludes with advanced reading material. Refresher training need only be conducted on periods that are deemed necessary.

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The proficiency attained by a soldier depends on proper training and application of the basic marksmanship fundamentals. During initial marksmanship training, emphasis is on learning the firing fundamentals, which are taught in four phases-preliminary rifle instruction, downrange feedback, field firing, and advanced firing exercises.

This prepares soldiers for advanced optic and laser training for combat-type collective exercises and real world deployments. The following marksmanship training guide contains the current 3-22. that are trained in 3-222.9 rifle marksmanship programs, during basic combat training at Army training centers ATCswr during infantry one-station unit training OSUT. It provides a basis for structuring unit sustainment programs.

The unit normally performs a diagnostic test of the tasks and only conducts training on specific periods for soldiers who must improve their basic firing skills.

Training is usually conducted in a shorter time frame than at IET. FM stresses marksmanship as a paramount soldier skill. The basic firing skills and exercises outlined in this manual must be part of every unit’s marksmanship training program. Unit commanders must focus their basic and advanced marksmanship training programs to support 3-22.9 respective mission-essential task list METL. The overall training strategy is multifaceted and includes supporting strategies that use resources such as publications, ranges, ammunition, FM These strategies focus on developing the critical soldier and leader skills required for success in combat.

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Two primary components form a training strategy: Both may include individual and collective skills. Initial training must be taught correctly the first time. A task taught correctly and learned well is retained longer and skills can be sustained. However, an individual or unit eventually loses skill proficiency. This learning decay depends on many factors such as the difficulty and complexity of the task.

Personnel turnover is a main factor in decay of collective skills, since the loss of critical team members requires retraining 322.9 regain proficiency.

If a long period elapses between initial and sustainment sessions or training doctrine is altered retraining may be required. The training strategy for basic rifle marksmanship begins in IET and continues in the unit. An example of this overall process is illustrated in Figure and provides a concept of the flow of unit sustainment training. IET provides field units soldiers who have been trained and who have demonstrated proficiency to standard in basic rifle marksmanship.

The soldier graduating from these courses has been trained to maintain the rifle and hit a point target. He has learned to apply the four marksmanship fundamentals, and other skills needed arr engage a target.

Target types and scenarios of increasing difficulty must be mastered to develop proficiency. This evaluation also provides an overview of training effectiveness. Training continues in units using the basic skills taught in IET.