LITOSSELITI RESEARCH METHODS IN LINGUISTICS PDF

An in-depth introduction to all research methods in linguistics, this is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students. Research. Research Methods in Linguistics. Front Cover. Lia Litosseliti. A&C Black, Apr 9, – Social Science – pages. Buy Research Methods in Linguistics by Lia Litosseliti (ISBN: ) from Amazon’s Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible.

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Adding this dimen- sion, which was relevant and important for the HR managers themselves, meant that they in turn were willing to further collaborate and in effect I was able to carry out the rest of the study.

Finally, the author discusses the inter- pretation of quantitative results, and the issue of combining quantitative and qualitative methods in linguistic research.

In the process of reading and of writing a literature review around your topic: With this decision tree in mind, let us now turn to a detailed illustration of how chi- squares and t-tests are used in linguistic research.

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Research Methods in Linguistics – Google Books

Set up My libraries How do I set up “My libraries”? I am grateful to Kate Harrington for this example of a research topic. Labovian sociolinguistics, including an exposition of both theory and research methods.

These chapters will be of interest particularly to the newcomer to the field, but will also act as reminders for the more experi- enced linguists, who are arguably more in danger of becoming entrenched in the research questions and types of methodologies they pursue.

Research questions are discussed throughout with a specific eye on linguistic studies, exemplified using linguistic research, and there is a focus on linguistic data and analysis.

Based on previous research, we have a clear hypothesis in mind: Research Question Data needed Data collection Data analysis 1 2 3 Such a table will help you organize your thinking and documenting of deci- sions; it will also help those all-important readers of your thesis or dissertation.

Of course, even without any data from the questions preceding each of these two research questions, it is possible and may be instructive to speculate about many possible answers.

Hence it is also known as meas- urement validity or instrument validity Bernard, In the first section of this chapter, we discuss what we mean when we talk about counting in an ana- lytical or scientific sense.

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In a seminal early work, Greene et llitosseliti.

The next step is then the calculation of the expected frequencies, given the size and shape of the subject population. Further reading Bayley — This chapter thoroughly discusses real- and apparent time research designs in the context of language change and linguistic development. Key Issues 55 but also in morphosyntax.

There are sound theoretical justifications for this approach: This new total figure is our chi-square statistic. Organizing and Processing Your 4 Data: While interviews are time-consuming to conduct and tran- scribe, and the coding of qualitative data is sometimes difficult, questionnaires, with their neat tick-boxes, seem like a blessing.

Research Methods in Linguistics (Research Methods in Linguistics) Lia Litosseliti: Continuum

The reader is referred to Grant and Iedema for a discussion and Bargiela-Chiappini Because they compare proportional distributions across categories, chi- square tests cannot be used to examine data from continuous variables where no a priori categories exist. In other words, researchers undertake mixed methods research in order to answer their specific research questions without positioning themselves to either qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods paradigms Harden and Thomas, You will notice in Table 4.

Chapter 4, by Erez Levon, complements the previous chapter by focusing on the nuts and bolts of the quantitative analysis of language, resaerch particularly on how to construct and test hypotheses for such analysis. Many students end up relying too heavily on the results of statistical tests with- out considering the explanatory limits of those tests. The analysis of the naturally occurring data indicated markedly different practices in the various communities of practice5 studied, while the quantitative data revealed a kethods as to the genres such as business letters, faxes and emails the employees had to handle more frequently.

Research Methods in Linguistics

Nobody seems to infinitive marker have explained this to preposition her. Within this, your research question s might be one or more of the following: In her own research questions checklist, Jennifer Mason A more common method, however, is to introduce qualitative evidence into our lihguistics.

Age, by its very nature, is already a numerical value, so, using appropriate statistical methods we can compare how the mehtods sets of values — proficiency and age — are related, allow- ing us to draw a conclusion about the relationship between these two factors and to prove our hypothesis right or wrong: Paired data refer to experiments where there is some natural mehods between subjects in each of the two groups before the data is even collected.

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Following a strong and long held tradition of paradigm incompatibility, this quote also nicely encapsulates the stereotypes that have been associated with researchers aligning their work with the quan- titative and qualitative paradigm respectively.

Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Notes Includes bibliographical references and index. This would mean that the correlation between not wearing earrings and buying red shoes could simply be an arte- fact of the subject population of our study. Triangulation is often one of the key reasons for undertaking mixed methods research.

We will not take the time to go through all of the arithmetic steps of the calcula- tion. Organizing and Processing Your Data 77 4. Triangulation as a central methodological concept comes high on the list of key features of good research designs Cohen and Manion, Extra and Yagmur, ; Rasinger, The five chapters Part III that follow are concerned with qualitative methods in linguistics, representing a selection of current major methods: This could mean that the mean value of EG 1 in two situations, namely pre- and post-stimulus, but is also a between-subject design as he compares several groups with each other.

Less experienced researchers will stumble across the first question — very often, research questions are too vague and need to be defined more clearly see also Chapter 1.

This is so close to the significance border that we might be able to argue that the result does in fact meet the quantitative requirement. My library Help Advanced Book Search. For example, most of us have a rather good idea of how long an inch is, so if someone tells us that an object is about 2 inches wide, we implicitly know its width.