The four Khulafa of the Holy Prophet (SAW) are known as the Khulafa-e- Rashideen or the rightly guided successors. This Application is made on the biography. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah. Transcript of The Khulafa Rashideen. Death of Abu Bakr (r) Abu Bakr had gotten a fever on the 7th of Jumada al-Akhira 13 A.H. The illness.
|Published (Last):||23 January 2008|
|PDF File Size:||14.42 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||6.41 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
During the caliphate of Umar as many as four thousand mosques were constructed extending from Persia in the east to Egypt in the west. Allah has named you truthful in his book when He said:. The success of these raids made Abdullah Ibn Sa’ad feel that a tashideen campaign should be undertaken for the conquest of North Africa.
Rather, their election and leadership were based upon merit. According to the Islamic jurist Al-Ghazali Algazel, —the government was also expected to stockpile rashideenn supplies in every region in case a disaster or famine occurred. The Life of Muhammad. Do not praise them unduly, lest they fall into the error of conceit.
Sometimes, in particular when there were not enough qualified Muslims, dhimmis were given important positions in the government. The strongest corps, and the primary force of the Muslims, was the corps of Khalid ibn al-Walid.
What is difference between Khulfa-e-rashideen and Sahaba? – Islam Stack Exchange
At the height of rasuideen Rashidun Caliphate the maximum size of the army was aroundtroops. Ali then transferred his capital from Medina to Kufaa Muslim garrison city in current-day Iraq. The ease with which this valuable province was wrenched from the Byzantine Empire appears to have been due to the treachery of the governor of Egypt, Cyrus Melchite i. Many noted that this option is only exercised after factoring in the potential cost of life.
The Succession to Muhammad: Not a single one of them had any reason to dislike you, to be suspicious of you, or to hold you in contempt They conquered the capital, Salamis – Constantia, after a brief siege, but drafted a treaty with the local rulers. The Armies of the Caliphs: They decided to conquer Jerusalem.
The Caliphate was thus one of the earliest welfare states.
During the reign of Caliph Umar, there were restrictions on the building of palatial buildings by the rich and elites, this was symbolic of the egalitarian society of Islam, where all were equal, although the restrictions were later revoked by Caliph Uthman because of the financial prosperity of ordinary men, and the construction of double story building was permitted.
The army was routed and destroyed in the battle of Maraj-al-Rome and the 2nd battle khulaga Damascus.
Hence Umar felt it necessary that the officers be treated in a strict way as to prevent the possible greed for money that may lead them to corruption. In NovemberKhalid defeated the enemy armies in a series of three sided attacks at night. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. Only persons whose annual wealth exceeded a minimum level nisab were collected from. Uthman is perhaps best known for forming the committee which compiled the basic text of the Quran as it exists today,  based on text that had been gathered separately on parchment, bones and rocks during the lifetime of Muhammad and also on a copy of the Quran that had been collated by Abu Bakr and left with Muhammad’s widow after Abu Bakr’s death.
He would then leave it to his generals to accomplish their missions in whatever manner they chose. Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi. In order to minimize the chances of corruption, Umar made it a point to pay high salaries to the staff.
Under his authority diacritics were written with the Arabic letters so that non-native speakers of Rawhideen could easily read the Qur’an without difficulty. Abu Bakr was called As-Siddiq Arabic: The Rashidun Caliphate expanded steadily; within the span of 24 years of conquest, a vast territory was conquered comprising Mesopotamiathe Levantparts of Anatoliaand most of the Sasanian Empire.
Caliph Umar has been reported to have said: After clarifying any possible errors in pronunciation or dialects, Uthman sent copies of the sacred text to each of the Muslim cities and garrison towns, and destroyed variant texts. After the Battle of Aleppo the city finally agreed to surrender in October Islam illustrated, annotated ed. Jerusalem Mecca Medina Mount Sinai. Against this view it was felt that as the spoils were considerable, that would make the people very rich.
I have sent you as leaders instead, so that the people may follow your example. Retrieved from ” https: Islamic lawyers commented that when the rulers refuse to step down via successful impeachment through the Majlis, becoming dictators through the support of a corrupt army, if the majority agree they have the option to launch a revolution against them. After seizing the city, they continued their drive eastwards, following Yazdgird and his remaining troops.
Rashidun Caliphate – Wikipedia
Abu Bakr Al-Baqillani has said that the leader of the Muslims simply should be from the majority. However, soon the environment was considered harsh, and Umar ordered the resettlement of the 40, settlers to Kufa.
Reconstructing the military equipment of early Muslim armies is problematic. Your answer needs some elaboration and references to support your claim please consider reading islam. Do not keep your doors shut in their faces, lest the more powerful of them eat up the weaker ones.
International Journal of Middle East Studies. Remember, I have not appointed you as commanders and tyrants over the people. Hence the need for the treasury at the public level was not felt. By the mid-7th Century, the Arabs controlled all of Mesopotamia, including the area that is now the Iranian province of Khuzestan.