The government appointed the Eiselen Commission whose terms of reference were to inquire into and to report on all aspects of native. Werner Willi Max Eiselen (–) was a South African anthropologist and linguist. He was an ally and associate of Hendrik Verwoerd, the Minister of Native Affairs from – and the Prime Minister of South Africa from – He led the Eiselen Commission, an advisory board that investigated native. The Eiselen Commission was responsible for developing the guidelines for the creation of native schools, designing the appropriate curriculum, and ultimately.
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Skip to content Increase Font Size. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. In a secret co,mission called the Afrikaner Broederbond translated as “Association of Afrikaner Brothers” was formed.
In commiswion study, I focused on sovereignty in the state and the sovereignty in society. The formulation of the principles and aims of the education for Natives as an independent race, in which their past and present, their inherent racial qualities, their distinctive characteristics and aptitude, and their needs under the ever-changing social conditions are taken into consideration.
Studies in African Commiesion Anthropology. This fact makes his claim for not being in favour of racial discrimination questionable and should therefore be understood in the context of ideological factors that influenced his thinking during various periods.
A study in the influence of ideology on fiselen practice. Eiselen played an important role in compiling some of the policy of this secret association. Due to the deficiencies of the educational system a lack of employment opportunities was created and this situation was further exacerbated by a worsening economic situation.
Many arguments eieslen raised during eieelen historical periods in South Africa in support of, or against the policy of separate territorial zoning or, as it was commonly referred to, of “separate development”. The Future of the University in Southern Africa. Dialectical Anthropology, 12 4: The main argument advanced for territorial segregation was political, “viz. A Culture of Learning is embedded within a society and its corresponding culture and reflects the importance of education within the larger culture.
Eiselen report – Research Paper Example :
In his capacity as the Secretary of Bantu Administration and Development, Eiselen established Regional and Tribal Authorities whose main function was to advise or make representations to the Minister on matters pertaining to: In order to understand education for African people, it is critical to understand the overall context and development of the social, philosophical, political, religious and cultural dimensions of South Africa itself.
This arrangement was in line with Eiselen’s belief in the total separation of Bantu people for their own cultural development. University level education was also affected by the apartheid regime.
As an academic rooted in ethnos theory and “volkekunde” ideology which both take the language issue into consideration, it was important for him to ensure that the Bantu people receive education in their ethnic locations. Kuyper for a New Century. White South Africa is numerically not strong enough to absorb and can therefore comnission choose between being absorbed or surviving by the maintenance of separate communities.
Views Read Edit View history. Thus, training schools were encouraged to convince their apprentices to return to the Bantu people at the end of their training. Wilkins and Strydom In the end, what black students were going to school for was to get less than satisfactory instruction on how to be future manual laborers. As an academic, Eiselen found himself wedged between two opposing approaches to anthropology.
The introduction of the Bantu Authorities Acts was the Government’s move to institutionalise its policy of separate development, something Eiselen openly supported.
The first term of reference established by the commission and which reflected the intent of the government stated that: This bill was to completely change the course of education for blacks in South Africa during the following four decades. The state has to ensure that each sphere operates within its proper scope and does not interfere with another.
This recommendation, however, was flatly rejected. My attempt to understand the ideology underlying Eiselen’s academic stance and convictions is based on his interpretation of the ethnos theory.
Ethnical Unit and Milieu: The genealogy of Afrikaner anthropology. He further mentions that any functional group which differentiates itself from a given population will be inclined to develop a specialised language and common culture, a notion that raised questions amongst many anthropologists Gordon, Retrieved from ” https: Inthe government set up a Commission on Native Education under the chairmanship of Dr.
Either we must follow a course of equality – which must eventually mean national suicide for the White race, or we must take the course of separation apartheid through which the character and the future of every race will be protected and safeguarded with full opportunities for development and self-maintenance in their own ideas, without the interests of one clashing with the interests of the other, and without regarding the development of the other as undermining or a threat to himself United Nations, Historians are usually trapped in a stance in which they fail to acknowledge the personal motives or circumstances surrounding prominent historical figures within the context that shaped their intellectual, political and social development.